SALOME Participants Need An Exit Strategy

The SALOME study (Study to Assess Longer-term Opioid Medication Effectiveness), is a clinical trial being conducted in Vancouver, BC. The study compares the effectiveness of six months of injectable diacetylmorphine  (heroin) with six months of injectable hydromorphone (Dilaudid, a licensed medication) and the effects of switching from injectable to oral heroin or Dilaudid.

SALOME began active recruitment in December, 2011. Participants will be in the study for one year, followed by a 1-month transition period where they will be encouraged to, once again, take part in conventional treatments such as methadone maintenance, drug-free treatments, and detox programs (treatments that have proven to be ineffective for these participants).

SALOME is a follow-up to the NAOMI study, which tested whether heroin-assisted treatment or methadone is more effective in improving the health of chronic and long-time opiate users. The repeated failure of treatment efforts for participants is in fact part of the criteria for selection of participants in SALOME, as was the case in NAOMI.

Many of the first participants will be exiting the clinical trial now and over the next two months (February and March).

Both studies provide an immense value not only to our scientific understanding of heroin dependence, but also to those individuals who have participated in the research. But as with NAOMI, the current study protocol of SALOME puts research participants at an increased risk by failing to have an adequate “exit strategy” in place for when research is complete.

Each of the research participants has previously failed on methadone maintenance treatment and other conventional treatments before entering the study, yet if the study shows that they are benefiting from diacetylmorphine when the research is concluded, they will not be allowed to be maintained on the drug that is benefitting them. Instead, they will be returned to methadone or other conventional treatment options.

This practice, as demonstrated in international research and through the accounts of participants in the NAOMI study, produces real harms to members of our community, and we cannot tolerate it being repeated during the SALOME study.

Canada remains the only country conducting a prescription diacetylmorphine (heroin) trial that has failed to provide diacetylmorphine to the research participants at the end of the trial.

We feel that research testing new methods of treatment for the harms of addiction is valuable, but must be conducted in ways that effectively address the continuing treatment and support for the individual participants in the research if the intervention proves successful.

By not putting in place an adequate exit strategy, the study is putting marginalized and vulnerable people at risk.

We request that Providence Health Care take immediate steps to provide ongoing diacetylmorphine treatment for participants concluding the SALOME study by applying for and supporting Special Access to diacetylmorphine, and begin planning for a pilot program for providing this treatment to the community at large.

How you can help:

On behalf of the NAOMI Patients Association (NPA), a community letter directed to Providence Health Care in support of heroin assisted therapy is circulating. The letter is available here.

For more information please contact Susan Boyd, on behalf of NAOMI Patients Association at

To learn more about the NPA click here.


About CDPC

We are an independent civil society network of organizations and individuals working to improve Canada’s drug policies. Staff occasionally re-post important articles and curate this space with guest bloggers from our network.

Sign up for latest news and updates

OPEN LETTER: International Narcotics Control Board must call... June 27, 2019

Download Open Letter   “Executions for drug offences are prohibited under international human rights law, as drug offences do not meet the threshold of ‘most serious crimes’ to which Article…

Opioid-related deaths in Canada: 11,577 lives lost through... June 19, 2019

(Interactive map) Source: “The opioid crisis has affected every part of the country, but some provinces and territories have been impacted more than others. According to data reported as of…

OPEN LETTER: Calling on Minister of Public Safety... June 11, 2019

Download Open Letter   “Your ministry and the Province bear responsibility to ensure the health and safety of people who use drugs. People continue to die as a result of…

A Roadmap for Canada’s Drug Policy Future: The... June 4, 2019

The first steps for systemic change are usually the hardest. But thanks to an international community of experts, including and especially those with lived expertise on the frontlines of Canada’s…

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Donald MacPherson, Canadian Drug Policy... June 1, 2019

Vancouver, BC—The BC Centre on Substance Use (BCCSU) has awarded drug policy advocate, Donald MacPherson, with a Lifetime Achievement Award for his dedication to public health, human rights, and drug…

MEDIA ADVISORY: Public forum to look at models... May 6, 2019

Going beyond decriminalization and envisioning a post-prohibition Canada where substances are legal and regulated What: Community forum featuring an international panel of experts on drug policy and experts with lived…